C Rajagopalachari

C Rajagopalachari (popularly known as Rajaji) was born on 10 December 1878 in the Madras Presidency. He completed his graduation in Arts from the Central College, Bangalore and went on to study law at the Presidency College from where he graduated in 1897. Rajaji began his career as a lawyer in Salem and soon emerged as a renowned practitioner. His entry into politics would come with joining the Salem municipality. His early interactions with Gandhi brought him closer to Congress. He participated in the Gandhi-led protest against the Rowlatt Act, the Non-Cooperation movement, the Vaikom Satyagraha, and the Civil Disobedience Movement.

He would eventually become part of a group that included the core disciples of Gandhi- Nehru, Patel, Prasad, Azad, and Rajaji himself. Gandhi came to call him the ‘conscience keeper’. An ardent follower of Gandhi, Rajaji never hesitated in speaking his mind and disagreeing with Gandhi, as could be seen in their correspondence. He was the only core disciple of Gandhi to take his call for the untouchability abolition seriously. The Poona Pact between Ambedkar and Gandhi was an outcome of his able mediation.

Rajaji became the premier of the Madras Presidency as Indian National Congress won the 1937 elections. With the onset of World War II though, Congress ministries resigned in protest against the Viceroy’s decision to involve India in the war. Later in 1942, Rajaji opposed the Quit India Movement. In wake of 1946 elections, he served as a minister in the interim government between 1946- 1947. After Independence, he became the Governor of West Bengal.

Speech made by C. Rajagopalachari at the swearing in ceremony for the position of Governor General of India
Satyamev Jayate Volume 1: Collection of Writings from Swarajya
Towards a Responsible Press: Shri C. Rajagopalachari s Speeches on the Press Bill in Parliament
Plighted Word, Servants of Untouchable Society (1933)
The Way Out (Oxford University Press, 1943)
The Impending Fast of Mahatma Gandhi : The Issues Explained (1944)
Reconciliation, Why and How: A plea for Immediate Action (Hind Kitabs, 1945)
Ambedkar Refuted (Hind Kitabs, 1946)
The Indian communists (Cultural Books, 1955)
The good administrator (Government of India,1955)
Our democracy and other essays (B.G. Paul & Co.,1957 )
Mankind protests: a collection of speeches and statements on atomic warfare and test explosions(All India Peace Council,1957)
Satyam Eva Jayate: A collection of articles contributed to Swarajya and other journals from 1956 to 1961, Volume 1 (Bharathan Publications,1961)
The question of English (Bharathan Publications, 1962)
Swatantra answer to Chinese Communist challenge(1964)
English for unity (Bharathan Publications,1965)
Gandhi’s Conscience Keeper, C. Rajagopalachari and Indian Politics (2009)
Raja : A Life (1997)
The Swatantra Party – Victory in Defeat
Indian Prohibition Manual (1930)
Mentions Published On
The Indian Libertarian
Volume : 5 ;Issue: 2
15  March 1957
The Indian Libertarian
Volume : 5 ;Issue: 2
15  March 1957
The Indian Libertarian
Volume : 5 ;Issue: 5
1  May 1957
The Indian Libertarian
Volume : 5 ;Issue: 12
15  August 1957
The Indian Libertarian
Volume : 5 ;Issue: 13
1  September 1957